III. Theory: Adult Learning through the Medium of the Internet

by Marie Wallace
  1. The recognition of the loss of humanity and learner isolation in online learning;
  2. Online learners should determine the quality and authenticity of their learning;
  3. Learners move from passive receivers to control their learning;
  4. Pre-authentication or “real world” materials;
  5. A focus on the learning process;
  6. Teaching and learning should be learning centered;
  7. Recognition that collaborative learning can be in conflict with individual differences.  (p. 31-32).
Huang, H. (2002). Toward constructivism for adult learners in online learning environments. British Journal of Educational Technology, 33(1), 27-37.